Higher Education in Slovakia is offered by a wide range of public, state, and private schools of higher education, colleges. Established by law, public schools are in vast majority, financed by the government. State institutions of higher education are in military, police and medical specializations established through the corresponding ministries of the government. They are financed by the government as well. Private institutions of higher education are established and financed by non-government institutions, but must be approved. Private higher education in Slovakia is quite rare. Studies at the state and public universities is available free of charge for residents of Slovakia and the EU/EEA and Switzerland. Non-resident students need to cover substantial fees per academic year.
The applicants usually need to pass entrance examinations taking different forms at particular schools. The „maturita“ rates are usually also taken into account. The studies are organized within the study programmes and levels or stages. Undergraduate stage, bachelor study programme takes 3–4 years and graduates use the title „bakalár“ (Bc.). Graduate stage takes 1–3 years and graduates from master study programme use the title „magister“ (Mgr.) or „inžinier“ (Ing.). Doctor study programmes in human medicine graduate as „doktor medicíny“ (MUDr.), or in dental medicine „doktor zubného lekárstva“ (MDDr.). Postgraduate stage programme takes 3–4 years and graduates use the title „doktor“ (PhD.). Universities provide study programmes at all three stages and with a considerable proportion of the graduate and postgraduate stage. Professional schools of higher education provide mostly the first stage only.
The academic year begins in September and ends in May or June. Studies in one academic year may be divided in two semesters. Teaching process includes various forms of instruction, such as lectures, seminars, exercises, laboratory work, projects, practical training, consulting. The credit system following the rules of the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) has been introduced since 1998. Standard load is expressed by the number of sixty credits per academic year and thirty credits per semester. The school of higher education determines the total number of credits required for due completion of the study in its respective stage.
Students who live further away from their university may apply for accommodation. Private rental housing is increasingly popular among students despite relatively higher costs. Dormitories and schools provide a canteen with affordable prices for students. Students receive a wide range of discounts and the state pays their health insurance and social security. Students enjoy the benefits if they are younger than 26 years in a full-time study programme.
Universities also offer part-time (external) study programmes as an alternative. The study takes one year more for both undergraduate and graduate stages. Students of external programmes aren't eligible for benefits. Final exams for both programs are the same. Among the most desired by employers are STEM degrees, namely the degrees in IT and engineering degrees. Other desirable degrees include those from business schools.
If you wish to enrol in higher education in Slovakia, visit the web of Study In Slovakia. It was established to help the growing community of international students
One of the higher education institutions in Bratislava is even in Rača, Academy of the Police Force in Bratislava